The Post Office

    Had you chanced to be in Hopedale fifty years ago [1860], or a little earlier, you might have
    seen a chubby, rosy girl, with brown eyes and hair, who, every evening, except Sunday,
    between seven and eight traveled over that part of Hopedale between Hope Street and the
    Corner.  It was not Patrick's Corner then.

    If you had happened to meet this little girl some stormy evening in winter, you could have
    seen that she wore a warm hood, rubber boots and leather mittens.

    In one hand she carried a lantern, a queer four-sided lantern, three sides of which were of
    glass and the fourth side had a handle to carry it by, and would also open, so the lamp could
    be taken out to be filled with whale-oil.  In the other hand she carried a carpet-bag from which
    she took sometimes a letter and sometimes a paper, which she left in a house near by.

    So, allow me to present to you, Susie Thwing, one of the first mail carriers of Hopedale.

    The other carrier, whose route was the upper part of the village, was Anna Thwing, her sister.

    When the Community was first started the mail for Hopedale was brought from the Milford
    Post Office by any one who happened to go there.  About 1853 when Appendix A of the
    Constitution of the Community was written, Enactment 8 provided for establishing a Post
    Office in Hopedale.  Soon after, my mother, Mrs. Almon Thwing, was elected Post Mistress.  
    All mail leaving Hopedale was carried to my father's, [Almon Thwing] who lived where Mrs.
    Charles M. Day's house is. [The Thwing house, shown above,  was across Hopedale Street
    from the Bancroft Library. It was eventually moved to Union Street and replaced with the
    house that's on the site now. Mrs. Charles Day was the daughter of Joseph and Sylvia
    Bancroft. Almon Thwing and his wife were Mrs. Day's uncle and aunt. Based on what Anna
    Thwing Field wrote for Hopedale Reminiscences, the Thwing house is evidently the only
    surviving structure in Hopedale that can be identified as having been a station of the
    Underground Railroad. Click here for more on this. In Abbie Ballou's reminiscences, she
    wrote that the original house on the lot where the Day house was later built, was the first house
    built in the Community, and was originally the home of George Stacey and family.]

    The letters were counted and securely locked in a bag, which was carried to the Milford Post
    Office by Mr. Pliny Southwick, or whoever drove the "express" to and from the railroad station.  
    There were two mails daily, each way.  The first arrived here in the middle of the forenoon, and
    the other, about half past six in the afternoon, but the carriers were only on duty after the latter.

    Some of the older residents will no doubt remember the sign, "Letter Box," over a hole cut in
    the south side of my father's house, where the mail could be dropped into a box in the wood-

    To pay for the work of carrying and caring for the mails, a little stamp was issued which cost
    the sender or receiver of a letter, living in Hopedale, one and one half cents,  The first issue
    was a pink, oblong stamp, about an inch long, and the second was square and yellow, and
    both had printed on them, the words "Hopedale Penny Post."  When carrying the mail I also
    carried a supply of these stamps in a pen-box in my bag, and if the receiver of a letter had no
    little stamp to give in return, he usually tendered a silver three-cent piece and I gave him a
    stamp.  On the outgoing mail the Hopedale stamp was affixed to the middle of the back of the

    There were only fourteen or fifteen houses on my route then, and the Hopedale Home School
    received the greater number of letters. The best remembered newspapers that came in the
    mail, were the "New York Tribune," "The Liberator," "Worcester Spy," and  "Woonsocket

    As Hopedale grew the Post Office was transferred to the grocery store, first to the house
    where I now reside, when Mr. Ansel Harlow was store-keeper and post-master.

    I can show you where the hole was cut in my front door to receive the mail.

    After the Home School was closed and the school-house was altered into a dwelling-house,
    Mr. Hiram Gibson had a grocery-store there, and filled both positions.  That was in the first
    house north of the Town House.

    I think the little stamp was used until Hopedale had a regular United States Post-Office.  
    These stamps have now become objects of interest to stamp-collectors.

    One has recently been sold by a Hopedale lady for five dollars, and had it been a perfect
    stamp it would have brought her more money.

    Sometimes I carried other letters than those that came in "Uncle Sam's" mail-bag.

    There lived in Hopedale, in a little house at the corner of Union and Dutcher Streets, although
    Dutcher Street was not there then, four unmarried sisters.  Mary Ann, albeit the youngest, so
    much desired to be married that she advertised for a husband in some paper.  I think it was
    the "Phrenological Journal."  One morning Mr. Humphrey came to my father's and asked if I
    would do an errand for a man who was stopping at his house.  I gladly consented and upon
    going to the gentleman received a letter which I was requested to carry to Mary Ann Hayward
    and wait for a reply. I distinctly remember what excitement prevailed among the sisters and
    how Mary Ann hastened to pen the answer. This I duly carried to the waiting gentleman and O,
    what bliss!!  I received a bright new ten-cent piece for my trouble.  The man proved to be
    Justin Soule who had answered Mary Ann's advertisement.  Soon after they were married
    and, as far as I know, lived happily ever after.

    Susan Thwing Whitney,
    Hopedale, Massachusetts

                                                   The Elusive Hopedale Stamp

                                                                By James Johnston

    There is one little thing that has seemed to have alluded me however as a collector of
    stamps, and it is something that should be sort of easy to find. It is a local stamp issue
    printed for the Hopedale Penny Post of Milford.

    Hopedale, back in 1849, was a substantial farming community located southwest of Milford.
    On Feb. 2, 1849, Hopedale residents held a meeting and voted to arrange for regular
    transportation of the mail to the nearest post office which happened to be located in Milford.
    Milford was about a mile and a half away and a charge of one cent was voted to transport the
    mail from Hopedale to Milford.

    Paper on which some of the stamps were printed was a glazed pink color. The stamps were
    primitive and printed in black typeset letters reading in two lines "Hopedale Penny Post."
    Other Hopedale stamps were printed on pink woven paper. The wording "Hopedale Penny
    Post" appears in a circle of four concentric rings.

    In very fine condition, these stamps carry a value in the "2011 Scott Specialized Catalog of
    United States Stamps and Covers" (the Bible of stamp collecting) of from $600 to as much as
    $4,500 in excellent condition and on the original envelope. A nice used copy off of its original
    envelope is a decent find too. In all my years collecting stamps, I have never owned one of
    these Hopedale local stamps. Someday, I hope to find one or two, hopefully on the original

    Maybe somebody out there has one or two of these hidden treasures and does not even
    know it. These local stamps look like some little label that somebody cut from a sheet of
    paper with a pair of scissors, because that is just what these stamps are. If anybody out there
    finds one of these little gems, please let me know. I think that I also owe my life to my various
    hobbies. I would love to see kids again getting interested in collecting stamps. Milford Daily
    News, June 15, 2011

    For the Johnston article on the Milford News site, click here.   

                               Christmas with the Thwings       The Thwing Family   

Hopedale Reminiscences Menu                  HOME    

    The material below is from the Whitney Research Group website.

    Family:Whitney, James Irish (1841-1890)

    James Irish Whitney (William, Stephen, Isaac, Nathaniel, Benjamin, John), son of William
    and Mary Ann (Mayberry) Whitney, was born about 1841, prob. Otisfield, ME, and died 5 Jun
    1890, Milford (Hopedale), MA.

    He married, 28 Feb 1867, Milford (Hopedale), MA, Susan Eudora Thwing, daughter of
    Almond and Sarah A. (Darling) Thwing. She was born 26 Jul 1847, Milford (Hopedale), MA,
    and died 21 Dec 1918.

    James was a Civil War veteran. He and his widow received a pension from the U.S.

    Children of James Irish and Susan Eudora (Thwing) Whitney:

     i.         Mabel Gertrude Whitney, b. 12 Jan 1868, Milford (Hopedale), MA.
    ii.         Almond Thwing Whitney, b. 3 Aug 1869, Milford (Hopedale), MA.
    iii.         Anna Thwing Whitney, b. 30 Aug 1871, Milford (Hopedale), MA.


    * 1850: Casco, ME; in the home of Orasmus Symonds
    * 1860: not found
    * 1870, Milford, Worcester Co., MA:

    319 478 Baker, Jonathan 36 M W Fish market (ret.) $300 Mass. Male citizen over 21
    -----,Emeline 34 F W Keeping house Maine
    -----, Bertram A. 11 M W Attending school Mass. Attended school
    -----, Griswold E. 4 M W " 479 Whitney, James P. 30 M W Fish market (ret.) $300 Maine Male
    citizen over 21
    -----, Susan 22 F W Keeping house Mass
    -----, Mabel 2 F W "
    -----, Albert 9/12 M W "

    * 1880, Milford, Worcester Co., MA:

    James I. WHITNEY 40 Self M M W ME Fish Dealer ME ME
    Susan E. WHITNEY 32 Wife F M W MA Keeping House MA MA
    Mabel G. WHITNEY 12 Dau F S W MA At School ME MA
    Almon T. WHITNEY 10 Son M S W MA At School ME MA
    Anna T. WHITNEY 8 Dau F S W MA ME MA

    Widow Susan:

    * 1900: Somerville, MA
    * 1910: Hopedale, MA


Susan Thwing Whitney

    Civil War Pension File of James Irish Whitney
    Widow: Susan E. Whitney
    Widow Applic. # 436041 Cert. # 335625
    National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.

    He is identified as James Irish Whitney, Sergeant, Company E, 8th Maine Infantry Regiment
    On 13 May 1890 from Worcester Co., Massachusetts James I. Whitney signed a Declaration
    for Original Invalid Pension. On 10 September 1862 he enrolled in Company E, of the 8th
    Regiment of Maine Volunteer Infantry commanded by Lt. William Campbell. He was
    discharged at Richmond, Virginia on 12 June 1865. His personal description is: 48 years
    old, 5 feet 11 inches tall, light complexion, dark hair, and dark eyes.

    While in the service and in the line of his duty at Newhart, North Carolina on or about 1 April
    1863 he contracted chills and fever with general malarial poisoning, resulting in disease of
    the heart from which he still suffers. He was treated in hospital at Beaufort, North Carolina.

    Since leaving the service he has resided in the towns of Milford, Massachusetts and
    Rutland, Vermont. His occupation has been that of a marketman. Prior to his entry into the
    service he was of sound physical health and had been a mechanic by occupation. He is now
    totally disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor by reason of his injuries
    suffered in his service to his country. He resides at 16 Church Street in Milford,
    Massachusetts. The Declaration is witnessed by Clarence H. Woodbury and Sarah Thwing.

    There is in the file a certified copy of the death record of James I. Whitney. He died at Milford,
    Worcester Co., Massachusetts on 5 June 1890 of Endocarditis Chronica Deformeus. The
    record is certified by John T. McLaughlin, Town Clerk.

    On 10 July 1890 from Worcester Co., Massachusetts, Susan E. Whitney, widow of James I.
    Whitney, signed a Declaration for Widow's Pension. She is 42 years old and a resident of
    Milford, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. She was married to James I. Whitney on 28 February
    1867 at Hopedale, Mass., by Rev. Adin Ballou. She has not remarried, and the soldier left no
    children under the age of sixteen. The Declaration is witnessed by Anna T. Whitney and
    Thomas Kiernahan.
    There is a certified copy of the record of the marriage of James Irish Whitney and Susan
    Eudora Thwing in the file. They were married in Milford, Massachusetts on 28 February 1867
    by Adin Ballou, Minister of the Gospel. The record is certified by John T. McLaughlin, Town

    Susan Whitney applied for in increase in benefits on 25 June 1917. She testifies that she is
    69 years and 11 months old, having been born 26 July 1847 at Hopedale (then Milford),

    Susan Whitney was last paid $25.00 to 4 December 1918, and was dropped from the
    pension roll because of her death on 21 December 1918.,_James_Irish_Whitney

    See bottom of this page
    for more on the stamp.

    I met Mike Danello at the Milford History Museum recently. (Summer
    of 2016.) When he told me that he was a stamp collector and dealer,
    I told him of the Hopedale Community postal stamp. He had never
    heard of it, so when he got home, he looked it up in a catalog. What
    you see above is what he found. Catalog prices are based on sales,
    but Mike said since they are so rare it's been a long time since one
    sold, and so the price has shown as $800 in the catalogs for many
    years. He found one being offered for $1200, but until and unless it
    sells, the price in the catalog will remain at $800. The page shown
    is from the 2016 Scott U.S Specialized Catalogue.

    U.S stamp in usual position and
    Hopedale stamp in lower left.