Milford 1880 - 1930

                                                Page 3, The Draper Strike of 1913
                                                  (and other events of that year)


    March 11 - Strike at Archer Rubber Co. for three weeks ended today. An appeal for recognition of I.W.W.
    [Industrial Workers of the World] failed.

    March 17 - I.W.W. employees of Archer Rubber Co. again struck this morning for recognition of that
    organization.

    March 19 - Town Hall is refused I.W.W. for a meeting.

    March 20 - Oliveri Hall, scene of I.W.W. meeting. Chief O'Neil and Capt. Wm. Proctor of the State Police
    present.

    March 22 - Threats of I.W.W. strikes in Hopedale and at Milford Iron Foundry, since the visit of Joe Ettor
    and Arturo Giovanniti, leaders of Lawrence strike.

    March 28 - I.W.W. meeting in Driving Park Hall, which Chief O'Neil and State Officers attend.

    April 1 - I.W.W. strike at Draper Co. plant started. The Milford men assembled in Lincoln square,
    marched to Hopedale and made a noisy demonstration. They tried to dissuade by force employees from
    entering the works but were unsuccessful as Chief Samuel E. Kellogg had a large force of officers,
    armed with baseball bats, guarding the entrance to the plant.

    The men returned to Milford to Driving Park Hall for a meeting, about 600 being in the crowd. Draper Co.
    stated that no demands were made by the strikers, that many in the parade were not their employees
    and that the I.W.W. was responsible for the outbreak. Worcester, Boston, Clinton and South
    Framingham policemen with State Police, under command of Capt. Proctor, and Worcester County
    Deputy Sheriffs, came upon the scene. Hopedale swore in several special policemen. Milford is in the
    most uncomfortable situation in its history.

    April 2 - The first clash of strikers and police occurred this morning when strikers resisted efforts of
    police to take baseball bats from them. Joseph M. Coldwell returned here yesterday and assumed
    leadership of the strikers, who asked for increased wages, etc., which were presented to Draper Co.
    officials today and were refused.

    April 8 - Twenty-three members of Metropolitan Police arrived in Milford for duty during I.W.W.  strike.
    Women and children paraded through the streets of Milford to Hopedale, carrying many placards. Milford
    and Hopedale were heavily guarded by police.

    April 10 - Thirty-five iron moulders employed in Milford Iron Foundry discharged this morning when they
    reported for work. Leader Coldwell threatens general strike of all "foreigners" employed in Milford
    factories in retaliation

    April 10 - Milford Board of Trade adopts resolution asking selectmen to refuse use of Town Hall to
    strikers because of labor unrest.

    April 10 - Four unknown men fired several shots into a Hopkinton-bound car of the M. & U. Street Railway
    Co. The car contained employees of Draper Co. The only person wounded was George Davis, of
    Hopedale, hit in fleshy portion of hip by 32-caliber bullet.

    April 14 - After the parade to Hopedale this morning strikers marched to Greene Bros, heel manufactory,
    and urged the employees to leave their work. There were 50 girls from Greene Bros. and 25 at
    Lapworth's who quit work. There were 428 men in the morning parade.

    April 14 - Ex-Gov. Draper announces the company's willingness to discuss wage conditions with former
    employees.

    April 15 - Girl pickets and loyal workers at the fabric mill [Lapworth's, probably], battled, many of the girls
    being scratched and bruised. Arrival of officers quelled the outbreak.

    The iron foundry of Draper Co. received 55 new employees today.

    April 16 - Rioting in front of Lapworth mills today, resulted in two officers being injured and many
    persons clubbed. Men, women and girls numbering 150 participated. Conference to end the strike fails,
    Draper Co. refusing to deal with I.W.W. Motor trucks used to transport Lapworth's girl employees to and
    from work, Metropolitan Police guarding them.

    April 18 - Town of Hopedale adopted stringent by-laws against parading, etc., at a special town meeting.

    April 19 - Mass meeting held in Lincoln square by strikers at which 4,000 people gathered.

    April 22 - Draper Co. strikers again attempt by force to prevent employees going to work. Strike pickets
    and police clash.

    April 24 - Emidio Bacchiocci, 32 years old, of Milford, a Draper Co. striker, shot and killed in the
    Spindleville section of Hopedale, while picketing. Great excitement prevailed. Leader Coldwell arrested
    for infraction of the Hopedale by-laws; with being a dangerous and disorderly person and with uttering
    threats and menacing speeches. Colwell arraigned in District Court and his case continued. Joseph
    Bianco, attached to the Italian Consulate at Boston was at the trial, On Coldwell's promise not to again
    lead the strikers to Hopedale the charge against him for violating by-laws was not pressed.

    April 26 - Funeral of Emidio Bacchiocchi, slain striker. About 2,000 were in funeral procession, business
    places of Italian speaking residents were closed - many of them for the last two days and some having
    crepe on the doors. Services were in the afternoon in Sacred Heart of Jesus Church, after which the
    procession marched through the streets and to St. Mary's cemetery, where services were again held at
    the grave.

    April 29 - Strike Leader Coldwell was convicted in District Court today and sentenced to three months in
    jail for threatening and fined $5 for breaking the by-laws of Hopedale. He appealed and furnished
    sureties in $800 for trial in Superior Court.

    April 30 - Coldwell, Howard and Albizotti, leaders of the strike, also twenty strikers, were summoned into
    court today to answer to the charge of violating Hopedale's by-laws. Coldwell went to Hopedale today on
    the electric cars.

    May 1 - Residences in Milford stoned. One Hopedale worker assaulted, receiving a fractured skull.

    May 2 - About 150 boys and girls marched to Hopedale from Milford this morning and were sent back by
    the police. Leader Coldwell was again in Hopedale and less than 50 of the strikers were with him.

    May 3 - Arturo Giovannitti, a leader of the Lawrence strike and strike leaders Coldwell and Howard led a
    crowd of 400 men and women from Milford towards Hopedale this morning. At the Hopedale line, a big
    squad of officers blocked their way. Giovannitti, Coldwell and Howard were allowed to pass, only to be
    arrested on their arrival in front of the Draper works. Giovannitti was found guilty in District Court, fine
    $10, as were the other defendants, and appealed.

    May 6 - Draper Co. to build 60 houses in Milford and Hopedale.

    May 7 - Efforts of State Board of Arbitration to settle the Draper strike fruitless. Pupils of Plains school
    started a miniature strike. They armed themselves with clubs and forbid other children to attend school.
    Police were called to round up the "strikers."

    May 16 - Edgar A. Sherman of Hopedale, a special policeman, arraigned in District Court before Judge C.
    A. Cook, charged with manslaughter in causing the death of Emidio Bacchiocchi in Hopedale, April 24.
    He waived the reading of the complaint and furnished sureties in $5,000 for his appearance in Superior
    Court.

    The first break in the ranks of the strikers was today when twelve Polish-speaking former employees
    resumed work.

    May 23 - A crowd of 200 strike pickets stood in front of an electric car at Braggville this morning, refused
    to move and compelled employees of Draper Co. to get out of the car. Picketing was renewed, street
    cars were stoned and women and children were active in the trouble. Many employees of Draper Co.
    were forced to return to their homes as they attempted to go to Hopedale to work.

    This evening rioting occurred at Depot square. Strikers stoned the police, who freely used their clubs.
    Three men arrested charged with rioting.

    May 29 - Riot at Lincoln Square tonight when strikers refused to obey police not to parade or conduct a
    meeting. The riot act was read and the crowd of 2,000 soon scattered in all directions by fully 100
    officers. Atty. T.G. Connolly and Morrison Swift, as well as five others, arrested.

    June 5 - Joseph M. Coldwell, strike leader, was today found guilty of uttering, threatening and menacing
    speeches in Milford, April 24. He was sentenced to three months in Worcester jail.

    The strikers conducted a meeting in Town Hall tonight at which 1,200 attended, a majority of the
    selectmen granting them the use of it.

    June 7 - The backbone of the strike is broken. Many of the men are returning to work, the police are
    being withdrawn and there is less activity by pickets.

    June 8 - Two carloads of children of strikers were taken by the M. A. & W. Street Railway Co. cars today to
    Providence to remain until the strike is over.

    June 17 - Strike at Green Bros. Factory in force since April 12, settled amicably today and 49 girl strikers
    resumed work.

    June 18 - Selectmen refuse use of Town Hall to strikers when it became known Carlo Tresca and
    Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, I.W.W. agitators, were to speak.

    June 20 - Carlo Tresca and Elizabeth Gurley Flynn of I.W.W. speak in Driving Park hall to 300 strikers
    and others.

    July 5 - Over 150 strikers applied for work at Hopedale today and the strike is now said to be over.

    July 20 - Temple of Solomon, Milford's first Jewish synagogue, dedicated.

    July 15 - "Votes for Women" pilgrimage reaches Milford, and Mrs. Glendower Evens, Miss Margaret Foley
    and Miss Caroline I. Foley addressed outdoor meetings.

    July 21 - By a vote of 765 in favor and 241 against, Milford voters, at special town meeting, voted to retain
    the so-called "musical" by-law. The result was a distinct rebuke to the I.W.W. and sympathizers.

    August 27 - Draper Co. reimbursed Milford $4,500 for expense incurred during I.W.W. strike.  

    October 7 - Milford Hosptial receives a check for $5,000 in the will of Mrs. E.S. Draper. It is to be known
    as the Nannie Bristow Draper Fund, income to be used for the maintenance of a free bed.

    October 28 - John Phillip Sousa and his band give a concert in Milford Opera House.


                                    
The Hopedale Strike of 1913: The Unmaking of an Industrial Utopia   

                     Teaching unit on the strike                   Draper Menu                      Nicola Sacco    

        Milford History, 1880 - 1930        Page 1, Milford, Hopedale, 1880 -1899          Page 2, Milford,

                               Hopedale 1900 - 1912             Page 4, Milford, Hopedale 1914 - 1930

                                                               Milford Menu                    HOME   
    .

    The picture above is a copy of a postcard that
    sold for $271 on ebay in the fall of 2005. See
    below for more on Bacchiocci and the strike.

    One of many newspaper articles about the
    strike. It was sent by Peter Metzke, who said, " A
    little item out of the Lewiston Daily Sun ( Maine )
    Saturday May 24, 1913."

Emidio Bacchiocchi

    In various accounts of the killing of Bacchiocchi, his first name is given as
    Emilio, Emelio and Emidio. In view of what you see below, I've changed the
    spelling on these pages to Emidio,

    My great-grandfather is listed as “Emidio” on his birth certificate and since
    that’s the same spelling as the two Milford censuses and the immigration
    manifest that is likely what he went by and what I think would be best to use
    going forward. Donna Bacchiocchi, May 2013

Boston Herald, April 14, 1913.