The Hopedale Community - 1841 - 1856

























    Page 1       The Story of Hopedale

                       Ballou Founded Hopedale on Religious Inspiration

        College Education Denied to Hopedale's Founder

          Adin Ballou - Preacher and Reformer

    Page 2       Community Founded on Humanitarian Principles

                       Ballou Announces His Plan for a Community

                       Preamble Gives Clear Idea of Community Scope

                       Fraternal Communion No. 1 Formed by Thirty-two

    Page 3       Officers, Qualifications for Membership Listed

                               First Major Crisis in Community Came in 1842

                             "Stricter" Moral Regulation Called for in 1850

        Depended in Large Measure on its Financial Condition

                             Houselots Sold to Members in Hopedale Community

    Page 4       Community Members Paid 50 Cents for Eight-Hour Day

                              Hopedale Community Has Interesting Social History

                              Village Improvement Society Was Created

        School Admitted Pupils from Surrounding Villages

        Hopedale Juvenile and Collegiate Home School

         Religious Attachment to Work and Education

    Page 5      Did Not Detach Themselves from Social Movements

                             Robert Owen Visited Community in 1845

                             Peace Movements Were Readily Supported

        Ballou's interest in Spiritualism Intensified

                            Hopedale Was Fraternal Communion No. 1

    Page 6    Community at High Point of Prosperity in 1854

       Efforts Extended Outside of Hopedale in 1855

       Deficit at End of 15 Years of Activity

      Social-Religous and the Economic Aspects

                        Articles on the Hopedale Community by Ernest R. Dalton

    Ernest Rockwell Dalton grew up at 135 Dutcher Street, and graduated from Hopedale High School (then, of
    course, called General Draper High School) in 1933. He spoke at graduation, giving an address titled The
    Qunshepaug Plantation. In 1937 he graduated from Bowdoin College, and by the fall of the year, he was at
    Harvard. In June and July of 1938, the Milford Daily News printed the twenty-eight articles on the Hopedale
    Community that are listed below. As he relates in the first of them, The Story of Hopedale, he wrote "...this
    short history of the Hopedale Community" was done as part of a discussion group in American Social
    History conducted by Prof. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr. The 1939 Hopedale census gives Dalton's occupation
    as teacher, but I don't know where. The only other things I've learned about Dalton is that in 1940 he
    received a Littauer Fellowship, (see below menu) and in 1947 he wrote a 762 page book, published by the
    Harvard Graduate School of Education, titled A Study of the Metropolitan-industrial Area of Southern
    Worcester County, Massachusetts, in Regard to Its Structural Organization for Education and Related
    Governmental Services.

    I first became aware of Dalton's articles several years ago when I ran across most of them in a scrapbook
    at the Bancroft Library. I was able to get the rest at the Milford Library. (Later improved by scanning better
    copies from a collection of Hopedale articles and clippings saved by Perry MacNevin.) From what I've seen
    so far, Dalton's source seems to have been entirely Ballou's writing, so there's probably nothing new or
    previously undiscovered here. However, it might be helpful to some to be able to look at the titles and go to
    a topic of interest more quickly, rather than going through Ballou's extensive writing.

    This is from the Harvard Crimson for May 23, 1940. Dalton
    was one on the of the Littauer Fellowship recipients.